It is significant to remark on the phases in the historical development of comparative education. The first phase was the stage of description and borrowing, when scholars collected data on education to form the practice of spreading education and finding the best teaching methods. At the same time, at this stage, there was a borrowing of successful ways of teaching (Holmes, 2018). The next phase is the anticipation phase, allowing teachers to decide whether a particular practice would suit their needs. This is because the educational methods introduced in foreign countries are not necessarily suitable for all students and teachers. Accordingly, this stage of comparative education development allows one to predict and predict the effect of practices rather than simply borrowing them. The last phase is the science stage, which permits a critical analysis of the appropriateness of using practices used in other states in the method of teaching. It is also worth mentioning that Noah and Eckstein supported an inductive approach to comparative education but rejected Bereday’s view (Holmes, 2018). Bereday argued that comparative education begins with objective observation and data accumulation. Accordingly, they specified different methods of educational development.
At the same time, Noah and Eckstein noted that comparing educational systems is essential at the international level. This explains the modern method of education, according to which each state has its own educational plans and standards. Thus, at the international level, the relevance of the social element in the development of education in individual states is considered. In turn, Bereday argued that there should be a common basis in the educational system at the international and national levels (Holmes, 2018). Hence, there are common national and international subjects, such as mathematics or natural science. That is because regardless of region or state, these subjects are multidisciplinary and integrated.
Holmes, B. (2018). Comparative education: Some considerations of method. Routledge.